The launch of the 2020-2022 Canadian Immigration Level Program in Canada will spark more debate. The debate should focus on topics such as the number of refugees Canada should accept, the groups they will belong to, and how Canada has the capacity to integrate these arrivals into its economy and culture.
Both questions are relevant and deserve more attention and debate. However, in general, we do not talk much about what goes on to determine the immigration rate.
The difficult decision to decide how many immigrants Canada would accept per year is determined by six main factors:
- Trends and economy
- Canadian Government Priorities
- Global conditions
- Canada’s absorption potential
- Canada’s production capacity
Demography and economy
Welcome immigration to Canada is an economic necessity due to the demographic conditions of the world.
Canada is one of the largest populations in the world and has the lowest birth rate in the world. Therefore, Canada must accept immigration to stimulate the population and labour force expansion, which is imperative to maintain economic development.
Many countries do not consider immigrants because they have smaller demography and a low birth rate, but on the other hand, Canada will see a high standard of living due to the lack of immigration.
Canada accepts refugees for three main reasons: economic prosperity, family unity and assistance to refugees.
As a result, immigration rates are also determined with these priorities in mind, and Canada is currently doing a lot to meet these priorities, as it accepts that about 40% of its Canada is responsible for helping in the event of international emergency.
Canada’s Immigration Potential
The federal government will be convinced that the economic conditions of the world are strong enough to prepare immigrants for the job market. In turn, it should ensure the continuation of policies at the national level, such as sufficient funding for refugee settlements (for example, language and vocational training), social housing, community care and public transport to effectively support a population wider.
Canada’s productive power
Since the global demand for migration to Canada greatly exceeds the country’s migratory availability, the federal government should be aware of its desire to process immigration applications as efficiently as possible. Even if the nation were to accept higher immigration rates, it still does not have the productive power to do so.
Canada has strengthened its production capacity in recent years with the introduction of the Express Entry Document Management Program, but still processes a variety of paper visa applications, which are slow and require significant staff support.
Canada will welcome more than one million new permanent residents between 2020 and 2022, with annual increases ensuring the highest Canadian immigration levels in modern history.
The ambitious targets were formally revealed by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) on March 12 through the publishing of the Canada Immigration Levels Plan for 2020-2022.
In total, Canada plans to admit around 1,053,000 new permanent residents over the three-year period, with as many as 1,140,000 to be admitted if the Liberal government hits the upper range of its targets.
The target for 2020 has been set at 341,000, with another 351,000 or so to obtain permanent residence in 2021, and a further 361,000 to follow in 2022.
Of these, the majority (approximately 58 percent) are set to be admitted as economic migrants, encompassing a range of programs at the federal and provincial levels. The most well-known of these are the federal economic programs managed under the Express Entry system, namely the Federal Skilled Worker Class, the Canadian Experience Class, and the Federal Skilled Trades Class.
Express Entry admissions won’t make up a majority of economic admissions to Canada, however. The Provincial Nominee Programs, the Quebec Skilled Worker and Quebec Experience Programs, and newer initiatives such as the Atlantic Immigration Pilot and Rural and Northern Pilot will together be responsible for more permanent residence admissions than Express Entry.
As provinces and regions take an even greater role in figuring out local labour market challenges, people who want to settle in Canada need to stay up to date on PNPs and regional programs. Canada’s provinces will continue to welcome applications across a wide and ever-growing range of PNP streams, some of which are aligned with Express Entry, and some of which exist outside that federal system. You can review and keep track of the your PNP options on Moving2Canada’s PNP Live Tracker.
Canada will also welcome around 273,000 spouses, common-law partners, dependent children, parents and grandparents of Canadian citizens and permanent residents under its Family Class programs over the three-year period. Finally, Canada will continue to uphold its tradition of being a safe haven for those in need by settling up to 154,600 refugees, as well as up to 14,500 for humanitarian and other reasons.
All of these figures represent an increase on the previous multi-year Canada Immigration Levels Plan, which was published towards the end of 2018.
The 2020-2020 Canada Immigration Levels Plan figures do not include the many hundreds of thousands of temporary foreign workers and international students expected to move to Canada annually.
To get professional advice on your best options for immigrating to Canada, book a consultation with one of our recommended Canadian immigration consultants.